volume 270, issue 1-2, P93-107 2004
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2003.10.015
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Abstract: SN-38, 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin, is the active metabolite of Irinotecan (CPT-11), a topoisomerase I inhibitor commercially available as Camptosar. SN-38 is approximately 200-2000-fold more cytotoxic than CPT-11. Despite its promising anticancer potential, SN-38 thus far has not been used as an anticancer drug due to its poor solubility in any pharmaceutically acceptable solvents. In addition, SN-38 has low affinity to lipid membranes; it tends to precipitate in aqueous phase resulting in a very low drug-…

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