DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-7459-7_20
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Abstract: DNA topoisomerases carry out topological transformations of DNA by introducing transient DNA breaks. The covalent intermediate of topoisomerase reactions include the topoisomerase protein covalently bound to DNA by a phosphotyrosine intermediate. Anti-cancer drugs that target topoisomerases typically trap the covalent intermediate, and generate cytotoxic enzyme dependent DNA damage. More recently, structural alterations in DNA such as DNA damage have also been shown to trap covalent intermediates of topoisomer…

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