AbstractTechnology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) clearly identifies the integration of electrochemical and electrobiological techniques as one of the system-level design challenges that will be faced beyond 2009, when feature sizes shrink below 50nm . Early research on CAD for digital microfluidics-based biochips has been focused on device-level physical modeling of single components . While top-down system-level design tools are now commonplace in IC design, no such efforts have been reported for d…
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