1944
DOI: 10.1001/archderm.1944.01510100012003
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Dermatitis Venenata and Keratoconjunctivitis Caused by the Manzanillo Tree

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Cited by 4 publications
(3 citation statements)
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“…Soldiers training in the West Indies during the last war often had bullous dermatitis and severe conjunctivitis after accidental contact with the sap (Satuisky & Wirts, 1943;Grana, 1946). The irritant can be effectively removed from the skin within 30 minutes by soap and water, or more traditionally by plain sea-water as the tree is usually found on or near beaches (Snow & Harley, 1944). Woodcutters char the bark before cutting the tree down (Barham, 1794;Allen, 1943).…”
Section: Hippomane Mandnella Lmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Soldiers training in the West Indies during the last war often had bullous dermatitis and severe conjunctivitis after accidental contact with the sap (Satuisky & Wirts, 1943;Grana, 1946). The irritant can be effectively removed from the skin within 30 minutes by soap and water, or more traditionally by plain sea-water as the tree is usually found on or near beaches (Snow & Harley, 1944). Woodcutters char the bark before cutting the tree down (Barham, 1794;Allen, 1943).…”
Section: Hippomane Mandnella Lmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The skin irritations recorded in the literature (6,21,30,31,32) were not reproducible in animals. The irritation in rabbit's eyes resembled the cases of irritation of the eyes of poisoned individuals (4,6).…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 83%
“…The mean period to complete resolution of epithelial damage was 3-75 days (range [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]. Two of our patients had stromal involvement: in one (patient 9), there was superficial stromal infiltrate in the acute phase (Fig 6) which disappeared in 3 weeks with return of visual acuity to 6/4.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%