Manira Rayamajhi, Daniel E. Zak, Joseph Chavarria-Smith, Russell E. Vance, Edward A. Miao
The NAIP/NLRC4 inflammasomes activate caspase-1 in response to bacterial type III secretion systems (T3SS). Inadvertent injection of the T3SS rod protein and flagellin into the cytosol are detected through murine NAIP2 and NAIP5/6, respectively. Here, we identify the agonist for the orphan murine NAIP1 receptor as the T3SS needle protein. NAIP1 is poorly expressed in resting mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs), however, priming with poly(I:C) induces it, and confers needle protein sensitivity. Furthe…
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