New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education volume 2015, issue 147, P15-23 2015 DOI: 10.1002/ace.20138 View full text
Stephen D. Brookfield

Abstract: Critical Reflection as Doctoral EducationStephen D. BrookfieldIn my own career, I have been involved as a member of teams designing two doctoral programs from scratch. One was in adult education at National Louis University (Chicago); the other was in critical pedagogy at the University of St. Thomas. Two organizing ideas were central to each program. First, the designing team believed that this was an opportunity to try and work as democratically as was possible in a hierarchical institution. Second, each te…

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