Critical Reflection as Doctoral EducationStephen D. BrookfieldIn my own career, I have been involved as a member of teams designing two doctoral programs from scratch. One was in adult education at National Louis University (Chicago); the other was in critical pedagogy at the University of St. Thomas. Two organizing ideas were central to each program. First, the designing team believed that this was an opportunity to try and work as democratically as was possible in a hierarchical institution. Second, each te…
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and evaluate scientific articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by researchers from dozens of countries and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute of Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.