volume 38, issue 8, P549-553 2010
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcms.2010.02.009
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Eleni Konsolaki, Elisabeth Astyrakaki, George Stefanakis, Panos Agouridakis, Helen Askitopoulou

Abstract: This article presents literary evidence on traumatic cranio-cerebral injuries in ancient Greece from about 900 B.C. to 100 B.C. The main sources of information are epic and classic Greek texts of that period. Homer provides the first literary source of head trauma, which he portrayed in his epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey. He describes 41 injuries of the head, face and cervical spine, of which all but two were fatal. Subsequently, other classical authors like Plato, Plutarch and others illustrate cases of…

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