2011
DOI: 10.1590/s1516-80342011000400004 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: Purpose:To investigate the possible existing correlations between trait anxiety, state anxiety, and vocal parameters. Methods: Participants were 24 adult subjects, 12 men and 12 women, with ages between 19 and 42 years, with no psychiatric history. The score in the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), especially the STAI-Trait, enabled the division of participants into two groups: low anxiety (LA) and high anxiety (HA). Psychological parameters (STAI) and vocal parameters (self-assessment through the vocal si… Show more

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“…There is a relationship between dysphonia and the stress of everyday life, anxiety, and psychological factors, among others. However, the relationship of cause and effect is not well defined (3,6) . Persistence of a voice disorder can result in psychosocial consequences, such as distress and feelings of inadequacy, common in anxious individuals.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
“…To investigate the relationship between State Anxiety and Anxiety State (STAI) and vocal parameters, with 24 individuals of both sexes, 12 men and 12 women aged between 19 and 42 years, participants were split into two groups: low anxiety (LA) and High anxiety (HA) of STAI, where it was observed that in the lower intensity STAI was of 35±4.3 and high intensity 55.5±9.1. The higher the anxiety trait shown by STAI, the greater the evidence of anxiety in speech and chained in the speech, the higher the anxiety State, the greater evidence of anxiety in several parameters of the speech, with imbalance in vocal resonance, commitment to modulation, in articulation of speech and facial expression [10].…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…The literature considers that in some professions, voice and communication suffer interference from environmental and organizational factors such as worker's lack of training on professional communication, further on the influence of biological factors, such as aging, allergies, among others (14) . In addition to these factors, other authors consider that other variables may contribute to the development of vocal deviation, such as the personality characteristics, vocal demands, anxiety, stress (15)(16)(17) , and even signs of depression in some professional categories (18) . Most prosecutors in this study have feelings of discouragement, insecurity, and tension when speaking in public.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…This trait is related to individuals who tend to experience intense living and emotional suffering, giving out little emphasis to the positive aspects of the fact, which usually create problem for themselves (6) . This fact is of little impact on the communication of the individual, considering that anxiety interferes in body language, speech, and voice, increasing vocal symptoms (27) . Anxiety may overload the vocal trait, leading to the production of a voice distant from its natural patterns.…”
Section: From a Total Of 468 Patients Of The Clinic School Of Speechmentioning
“…The opposite may also happen. The vocal alterations may cause stress, depression, and frustration; therefore, the diagnosis of dysphonia may be intimately related to anxiety (27,28) . In case of patients with vocal fold immobility, these personality characteristics may be a reflex of their communication limitations.…”
Section: From a Total Of 468 Patients Of The Clinic School Of Speechmentioning