2018
DOI: 10.1590/1413-81232018238.20542016
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Consumo alimentar e risco cardiovascularem pessoas vivendo com HIV/AIDS

Abstract: This cross-sectional study evaluated the food intake patterns related to cardiovascular risk disease among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) with viral suppression and receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Food intake was obtained by the annual food frequency questionnaire, separated into two groups, healthy and unhealthy food related intake and cardiovascular disease. Data were analyzed using Student's t Test for independent samples or the Mann-Whitney U Test and Fisher's exact test, with … Show more

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Cited by 6 publications
(5 citation statements)
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“…7 Furthermore, family history of hypertension 58 and lack of formal education were factors associated with MetS. 57 Thus, it is inferred the importance of prevention of diseases and health promotion, through multidisciplinary monitoring, 67 offering nutritional counseling for PLHIV 64,68,69 because the diet with low amounts of fat, leads to reduced body mass, 70 in addition to advice for modification of lifestyle, 13,59,68,71,72,73,74,75,76 such as: reducing alcohol consumption 48 , smoking cessation, 40,64,72,73,77 encouraging regular exercise, 26,48,73,74,77,78 and also, modification of ART regimen when necessary. 64 This regular support contributes to a lower prevalence of MetS.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…7 Furthermore, family history of hypertension 58 and lack of formal education were factors associated with MetS. 57 Thus, it is inferred the importance of prevention of diseases and health promotion, through multidisciplinary monitoring, 67 offering nutritional counseling for PLHIV 64,68,69 because the diet with low amounts of fat, leads to reduced body mass, 70 in addition to advice for modification of lifestyle, 13,59,68,71,72,73,74,75,76 such as: reducing alcohol consumption 48 , smoking cessation, 40,64,72,73,77 encouraging regular exercise, 26,48,73,74,77,78 and also, modification of ART regimen when necessary. 64 This regular support contributes to a lower prevalence of MetS.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…83 It was noted that women from Europe and of unknown origin had a lower prevalence of MetS than women from South America, North America and Asia. The picture of MetS was mainly driven by high TC, TG and the presence of AO 69,84,85 and low HDL levels, 84 higher body mass index (BMI) and aging 86 may also be related to the increased prevalence of AO, abnormal HDL-C and PI use 46,86 in South American women. In North American women, the association between MetS and PI use has conflicting data 71,87 , and it is not possible to establish a causal relationship between these variables.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Além disso, as PVHA apresentam determinada tendência ao consumo de alimentos ricos em gorduras, é necessário para este grupo ter conhecimento que o padrão alimentar adotado pode constituir um fator de risco para o desenvolvimento de doenças cardiovasculares crônicas (Deresz, et al, 2018). Sob essa perspectiva, o presente estudo tem como objetivo conhecer o perfil nutricional e o risco cardiovascular de pacientes vivendo com HIV/AIDS hospitalizados, com o propósito de combater a desnutrição hospitalar, diminuir o tempo de internação e avaliar o risco cardiovascular segundo teste qualitativo de alimentação saudável.…”
Section: Introductionunclassified
“…As sessões de educação nutricional seguiram uma abordagem individual. Cada paciente recebeu uma sessão de orientação individual de 30 minutos como parte da avaliação total segundo diretrizes de educação em saúde 13 . Essas sessões de educação nutricional seguiram a seguinte estrutura: inicialmente uma introdução quanto à importância da nutrição, informações gerais sobre os macro e micronutrientes, uma classificação simples sobre grupos de alimentos, orientação gerais de como montar uma refeição balanceada e nutritiva considerando hábitos alimentares e valor econômico.…”
Section: Introductionunclassified