volume 166, issue 7, P535-544 2018
DOI: 10.1111/eea.12684
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A.R.W. Elbers, J.L. Gonzales, R. Meiswinkel

Abstract: Abstract To determine relative host preference rates and to establish whether a pair of animals in close proximity (between–host interaction) modified Culicoides attack and abundance profiles, compared to those tethered in isolation (host independence), Culicoides midges were pooted hourly from two sets of experimental animals: (1) a heifer cow and Fjord horse tethered close together (5 m apart), and (2) a heifer and Fjord tethered in isolation (45 m apart). Over 12 days, 570 3‐min observations yielded 23 090…

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