2013
DOI: 10.1302/2046-3758.28.2000157
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Abstract: ObjectivesThe development of tibiofemoral angle in children has shown ethnic variations. However this data is unavailable for our population.MethodsWe measured the tibiofemoral angle (TFA) and intercondylar and intermalleolar distances in 360 children aged between two and 18 years, dividing them into six interrupted age group intervals: two to three years; five to six years; eight to nine years; 11 to 12 years; 14 to 15 years; and 17 to 18 years. Each age group comprised 30 boys and 30 girls. Other variables r… Show more

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Cited by 17 publications
(47 citation statements)
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References 12 publications
(27 reference statements)
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“…3 Body height was measured using a Harpender metal anthropometer to the nearest 0.1 cm, body mass was measured with minimal clothing to the nearest 0.1kg with a medical electronic scale (A&D Instruments, Ltd, Abingdon, UK), and body mass index (BMI) was calculated (BMI=kg/ m 2 ). To determine the tone, biomechanical and viscoelastic properties of skeletal muscles myometric method in multiscan mode was used.…”
Section: Methodsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…1 In 2 to 6 year-old children, valgus knee is quite normal within certain limits of tibiofemoral angle (TFA), 2 which is defined as the angle between the anatomical axis of femur with the anatomical axis of tibia), 3 and it is expressed indirectly as intercondylar distance and intermalleolar distance (IMD). 4 Physiological GV in childhood have IMD of up to 8cm, the greatest distance being observed between 3 and 4 years, 5 disappearing gradually after the age of 7-8 years.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Similar studies in Indian population showed varus alignment before the age of 2 years and then valgus alignment with maximum valgus [11][12] by the age of 3-4 years and 7 -8 of valgus by the age of 7-8 years. 5 This data formed the basis of working definition for our study. It was seen that physiological varus in all studies usually disappears by 2 years of age; therefore, any varus above this age is not normal and maximum valgus achieved is usually 12 , so a value at any age higher than this was regarded as abnormal.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Studies have define normal development of tibiofemoral angle. 4,5 However, the natural history of coronal plane knee deformities due to nutritional rickets has not been described in the literature for Indian population. We undertook this study with the aim to describe the coronal plane rachitic deformities and the rate of spontaneous correction of these deformities after vitamin D admiration and to define cases where conservative management fails.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…A positive value of TFA indicates valgus, while a varus TFA is given a negative value. 3 Following conditions alerts the physician the possibility of pathological deformity:…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%