2019
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16245114
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Abstract: Climate change is known to affect Pacific Island nations in a variety of ways. One of them is by increasing the vulnerability of human health induced by various climate change impacts, which pose an additional burden to the already distressed health systems in the region. This paper explores the associations between climate change and human health on the one hand, and outlines some of the health care challenges posed by a changing climate on the other. In particular, it describes the links between climate vari… Show more

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Cited by 35 publications
(21 citation statements)
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“…In addition, global warming can directly modify infectious diseases by affecting the pathogen, the host-vector relation, and the transmission environment. Thus, it would lead to a geographical expansion of vector-borne diseases, as well as a reduction in human immunity [3,4] A climatic suitability model study suggests an increased number of leishmaniases vector species in Europe under future climatic conditions [5]. A rise in temperature would also prompt a shorter life cycle of Trypanosoma cruzi, which impacts the transmission of Chagas disease [6].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…In addition, global warming can directly modify infectious diseases by affecting the pathogen, the host-vector relation, and the transmission environment. Thus, it would lead to a geographical expansion of vector-borne diseases, as well as a reduction in human immunity [3,4] A climatic suitability model study suggests an increased number of leishmaniases vector species in Europe under future climatic conditions [5]. A rise in temperature would also prompt a shorter life cycle of Trypanosoma cruzi, which impacts the transmission of Chagas disease [6].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The majority of the world’s populations now live in areas with evidence of arboviral transmission [ 8 , 10 ]. With climatic and social changes further driving the spread of Aedes mosquitoes to new regions, it is exceedingly likely that CHIKV, ZIKV, and other arboviruses will continue to cause explosive outbreaks in the near future [ 85 , 86 ]. Consequently, improved surveillance and preventative measures are important.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…On the one hand, the special geographical environment, such as the extreme El Nino climate, makes it difficult to establish an unbreakable health system. 11 Furthermore, the less-developed economy and limited management capacity present additional challenges for the population to withstand an infectious disease pandemic. Economic globalization, trade, and population mobility have exacerbated the challenges of infectious disease control.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%