Abstract:These results provide evidence that prenatal inflammation leads to adrenal stimulation, resulting in increased cortisol secretion and accelerated lung maturation. The enhanced response to cosyntropin stimulation seen in these infants may reflect an increased adrenal capacity to respond to postnatal stressors. Because of the apparent magnitude of the effect of chorioamnionitis on cortisol measures, this factor should be included in future investigations of adrenal function in very low birth weight newborns.
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