volume 8, issue 10, Pe78312 2013
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0078312
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Abstract: Interleukin (IL)-17 is emerging as an important cytokine in vaccine-induced protection against tuberculosis disease in animal models. Here we show that compared to parenteral delivery, BCG delivered mucosally enhances cytokine production, including interferon gamma and IL-17, in the lungs. Furthermore, we find that cholera toxin, delivered mucosally along with BCG, further enhances IL-17 production by CD4+ T cells over mucosal BCG alone both in the lungs and systemically. This boosting effect of CT is also obs…

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