DOI: 10.1029/2004jd005644
View full text

Abstract: Characteristics and origin of the aerosol in the lowermost stratosphere at northern midlatitudes were studied using measurements from a passenger aircraft (Civil Aircraft for Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container, or CARIBIC). Aerosol samples were collected during 60 intercontinental flights during 1999–2002 and analyzed for elemental composition with particle‐induced X‐ray emission (PIXE). Concurrent measurements of trace gases were used to interpret the aerosol measurements…

expand abstract