DOI: 10.3138/9781442676725-005
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Abstract: It is clear, then,... that the poet must be a 'maker' not of verses but of stories, since he is a poet in virtue of his 'representation/ and what he represents is action. (Aristotle, Poetics, IX, 1451 b) Finally, the thousands of fables and fictions, in whose lie men take delight, are human devices, and nothing is to be considered more peculiarly man's own and derived from himself than anything that is false and lying. (St Augustine [397-426] 1952a: 649)