2018
DOI: 10.1590/1516-4446-2017-2429
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By the book: ADHD prevalence in medical students varies with analogous methods of addressing DSM items

Abstract: Objective: The marked increase in the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among university students gives rise to questions about how best to diagnose in this setting. The aim of the present study was to calculate ADHD prevalence in a large non-clinical sample of medical students using a stepwise design and to determine whether ADHD diagnosis varies if interviewees use additional probing procedures to obtain examples of positive DSM items. Methods: A total of 726 students were screene… Show more

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Cited by 10 publications
(17 citation statements)
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“…Furthermore, we used ASRS which has been shown to have high sensitivity despite its low specificity. 24 Further clinical investigation could have reduced the prevalence of ADHD in our study. Only 1.2% of our study participants had a previous diagnosis of ADHD, which suggests a very low diagnostic rate in this setting.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 77%
“…Furthermore, we used ASRS which has been shown to have high sensitivity despite its low specificity. 24 Further clinical investigation could have reduced the prevalence of ADHD in our study. Only 1.2% of our study participants had a previous diagnosis of ADHD, which suggests a very low diagnostic rate in this setting.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 77%
“…Sometimes – even absolute - deterioration of educational or employment potential follows ( Bortolon et al., 2018 ). Currently it is quite common to find students with various diagnoses, including attention and depression disorders and even suicidal ideas ( Coentre, and Góis, 2018 ; Sedgwick, 2018 ; Mattos et al., 2018 ).…”
Section: Theoretical Frameworkmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Son estas mismas características las que podrían dificultar el diagnóstico, ya que no suele asociarse el perfil del "estudiante exitoso" con la falta de atención. Lo expuesto podría explicar la gran proporción de estudiantes con TDAH probable o muy probable, considerablemente más alto que lo reportado para la población general de adultos 6 , pero comparable a otras investigaciones en estudiantes de medicina 14,23 . Es importante establecer intervenciones locales y tempranas que apunten a trabajar sobre la ansiedad, la autoexigencia y el perfeccionismo en un contexto de alta exigencia académica.…”
Section: Discussionunclassified