Throughout the 1980s and 1990s there have been debates in France about the contemporary relevance of republican universalism. This article focuses on two specific areas in which these debates have been played out: first, that of the parité campaign for the representation of women in politics and, second, the campaign for the rights of migrant women or women 'of migrant origin'. In respect of the first there has been some progress with the passing of a law in 2000 guaranteeing parité, while the second stagnate…
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