2010
DOI: 10.1111/j.1369-1600.2010.00273.x View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: Addiction has been described as the pathological usurpation of the neural mechanisms normally involved in emotional processing. Event-related potentials (ERPs) can provide a noninvasive index of neural responses associated with the processing of emotionally relevant stimuli and serve as a tool for examining temporal and spatial commonalities between the processing of intrinsically motivating stimuli and drug cues. Before beginning a smoking cessation program, 116 smokers participated in a laboratory session in… Show more

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“…For smokers, several studies have shown significantly larger responses for cigarette cues than neutral cues in brain areas that are involved in the processing of emotionally arousing stimuli (David et al, 2005; Due et al, 2002; Janes et al, 2010; Versace et al, 2010; Versace et al, 2011). Consistent with these findings, cigarette-related pictures prompted more cortical positivity than neutral pictures in both groups of smokers in our study.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
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“…For smokers, several studies have shown significantly larger responses for cigarette cues than neutral cues in brain areas that are involved in the processing of emotionally arousing stimuli (David et al, 2005; Due et al, 2002; Janes et al, 2010; Versace et al, 2010; Versace et al, 2011). Consistent with these findings, cigarette-related pictures prompted more cortical positivity than neutral pictures in both groups of smokers in our study.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…Recently, we used event-related potentials (ERPs), voltage fluctuations in the electroencephalogram that are time locked to external events, to assess smokers’ neural responses in the presence of intrinsically emotional, neutral, and cigarette-related images (Versace et al, 2011). Consistent with the idea that nicotine addiction increases the motivational relevance of drug-related cues, we found that the amplitude of the late positive potential (LPP), the ERP signature of emotional processing (Lang & Bradley, 2009), increased in the presence of cigarette-related images.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
“…MDD often presents with emotional processing impairments (Gollan, McCloskey, Hoxha, & Coccaro, 2010; Versace, et al, 2010). For smoking, research suggests that negative affect is a motivation for smoking in a larger percentage of smokers (Kassel, Stroud & Paronis, 2003).…”
Section: 1 Introductionmentioning
“…During the 30-min picture-viewing task, participants viewed one of three picture sets composed of four categories, consisting of 24 pleasant (PLE), unpleasant (UNP), cigarette-related (CIG), and neutral (NEU) pictures, selected from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) pictures (Lang et al 2005) and from other sets developed by us (Carter et al 2006; Versace et al 2011b) and others (Gilbert and Rabinovich 1999; Stritzke et al 2004). The Online Resource and previous reports (Robinson et al 2013) provide further details of the pictures.…”
Section: Methodsmentioning