volume 23, issue 3, P557-569 2009
DOI: 10.1016/j.idc.2009.04.005
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Jordi Vallés, Ricard Ferrer

Abstract: Hospital-acquired infections (HAI) occur in 5%-10% of patients admitted to hospitals in the United States, and HAIs remain a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Patients admitted to ICUs account for 45% of all hospital-acquired pneumonias and bloodstream infections (BSIs), although critical care units comprise only 5% to 10% of all hospital beds. The severity of underlying disease, invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that breach normal host defenses, contaminated life-support equipment, and th…

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