2022
DOI: 10.1155/2022/6483819
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Blood Flukes and Arterial Damage: A Review of Aneurysm Cases in Patients with Schistosomiasis

Abstract: Introduction. Schistosomiasis, caused by trematode worms of the genus Schistosoma, has organ-specific morbidity due to host’s inflammatory response to the oviposition of parasite eggs in vessels and organs. Damage to the cardiovascular system, including aneurysms, has been described in patients. Aims and Methods. Aims of the review of case reports and series published in literature were to describe the occurrence of aneurysm in patients with schistosomiasis. Investigation Outcomes. A total of 13 cases (seven m… Show more

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Cited by 2 publications
(3 citation statements)
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References 33 publications
(80 reference statements)
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“…Advanced syphilis used to be a frequent cause of PAA involving large PAs 6 . Schistosomiasis is also known to cause vascular aneurysms in endemic areas, and PA is the most commonly involved arterial district 14 . Autoimmune vasculitis of the PAs, such as Behcet's disease and Hughes‐Stovin syndrome (HSS), are associated with cases of PAA 5 .…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…Advanced syphilis used to be a frequent cause of PAA involving large PAs 6 . Schistosomiasis is also known to cause vascular aneurysms in endemic areas, and PA is the most commonly involved arterial district 14 . Autoimmune vasculitis of the PAs, such as Behcet's disease and Hughes‐Stovin syndrome (HSS), are associated with cases of PAA 5 .…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“… 6 Schistosomiasis is also known to cause vascular aneurysms in endemic areas, and PA is the most commonly involved arterial district. 14 Autoimmune vasculitis of the PAs, such as Behcet's disease and Hughes‐Stovin syndrome (HSS), are associated with cases of PAA. 5 Some of the above cases can be managed conservatively with antibiotics and immunosuppressants, especially when the aneurysm size is small and stable.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…However, migration of Schistosoma spp. eggs outside the usual gastrointestinal and urinary excretion route, with entrapment in ectopic tissues, has been documented in different anatomic regions 5 , 6 ; fallopian tubes and ovaries 7 , 8 are among these aberrant sites reached by eggs after oviposition.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%