2016
DOI: 10.1016/j.rbe.2016.04.005
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Biological characteristics of black armyworm Spodoptera cosmioides on genetically modified soybean and corn crops that express insecticide Cry proteins

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Cited by 13 publications
(31 citation statements)
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“…However, other species of the Spodoptera complex were not controlled by this technology [ 70 ]. Other studies reported that S. cosmiodes was the most abundant species attacking Bt soybean [ 71 ] and that development and reproduction of this species were not affected by the Cry1Ac protein [ 20 ]. A field study showed that the lepidopteran pests recorded during the soybean cycle were R. nu , A. gemmatalis , H. gelotopoeon , S. frugiperda , and S. cosmioides [ 72 ] and the population abundance of the last two species was similar in Bt and non-Bt soybean.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…However, other species of the Spodoptera complex were not controlled by this technology [ 70 ]. Other studies reported that S. cosmiodes was the most abundant species attacking Bt soybean [ 71 ] and that development and reproduction of this species were not affected by the Cry1Ac protein [ 20 ]. A field study showed that the lepidopteran pests recorded during the soybean cycle were R. nu , A. gemmatalis , H. gelotopoeon , S. frugiperda , and S. cosmioides [ 72 ] and the population abundance of the last two species was similar in Bt and non-Bt soybean.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Spodoptera cosmiodes and S. albula presented similar levels of defoliation in our test, although S. cosmiodes is the most frequent Spodoptera spp. affecting soybean crops during the vegetative and reproductive stages [ 5 , 6 , 14 , 16 , 20 , 50 ]. Another study suggested that S. cosmioides may be more adapted to chemical compounds of soybean and cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum L. (Malvaceae)), given their faster development and higher survival rates on these hosts [ 76 ].…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…Similar results were observed for S. eridania fed on Cry1Ac/ Cry1F-cotton. 30 Previous studies also reported that S. eridania and S. cosmioides had naturally low susceptibility to Cry1Ac and Cry1F proteins in diet bioassays 13,[31][32][33][34] and to Cry1Ac-soybean 13,35 and Cry1Ac-cotton. 36,37 Consistent with these findings, other species from the Spodoptera genus including S. frugiperda, S. exigua (Hübner) and S. litura (F.) exhibited low susceptibility to Cry1Ac-soybean, 13,37 Cry1Ac-cotton 24,25,38,39 and Cry1Ac/Cry1Fcotton.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%