1997
DOI: 10.1080/016502597384622 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: A systemic perspective is adapted in this account of close friendships and romantic relationships in adolescence. Data from a series of studies conducted on dyads of close friends and romantic partners illustrate how, in each relationship, partners simultaneously negotiate closeness and the expressio n of individual needs. Two relational types-interdependent and disengagedwere consistently found across all adolescent age groups. Interdependent partners were clearly capable of co-operation. Disengaged partners,… Show more

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“…The previously discussed attachment theory (Bowlby 1973), theories regarding the connectedness-individuation link (Grotevant and Cooper 1986), and theories dealing with parenting practices (Baumrind and Black 1967) emphasize that positive developmental outcomes occur when commitment and individuation are balanced in relationships. In a similar vein, it has also been suggested that adolescents in disengaged friendships experience more emotional problems than adolescents in interdependent friendships (Shulman and Knafo 1997).…”
Section: Friendship Types and Adolescent Depressionmentioning
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“…The previously discussed attachment theory (Bowlby 1973), theories regarding the connectedness-individuation link (Grotevant and Cooper 1986), and theories dealing with parenting practices (Baumrind and Black 1967) emphasize that positive developmental outcomes occur when commitment and individuation are balanced in relationships. In a similar vein, it has also been suggested that adolescents in disengaged friendships experience more emotional problems than adolescents in interdependent friendships (Shulman and Knafo 1997).…”
Section: Friendship Types and Adolescent Depressionmentioning
“…From middle adolescence onwards, individuality is negotiated through collaborative strategies oriented towards integration of needs of the self and the other, while at the same time feelings of closeness towards best friends increase. Shulman and Knafo (1997) partially adopted Selman's developmental model in that they also proposed a transition in friendship intimacy from a focus on the self to a focus on both the self and the friend middle adolescence. However, they identified at least two friendship types that differ in this development: interdependent and disengaged friendships.…”
Section: Perceptions Of Friendship Intimacy In Adolescencementioning
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