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Cited by 26 publications
(19 citation statements)
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“…These combustion characteristics have included IGD in a higher-pressure shock tube [13], combus tion products in a jet stirred reactor [14], soot emission character istics [15] as well as autoignition, soot fraction, and extinction in a laminar non-premixed counter-flow system [16]. Lemaire varied the composition of a two-component surrogate to match the soot ing behavior of diesel fuel [17].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…These combustion characteristics have included IGD in a higher-pressure shock tube [13], combus tion products in a jet stirred reactor [14], soot emission character istics [15] as well as autoignition, soot fraction, and extinction in a laminar non-premixed counter-flow system [16]. Lemaire varied the composition of a two-component surrogate to match the soot ing behavior of diesel fuel [17].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…In some studies, the chemical kinetic mechanism used in the computer simulations of the combustion process is for the specific compounds in the surrogate mixture, whereas, in other simulations, fewer components or general categories of compounds are used. 12,29,20,24 The properties used in surrogate development have included density, viscosity, speed ■ EXPERIMENTAL SECTION Materials. The pure organic compounds used in the composition analysis of the ATJ fuel included hexane (Aldrich), 4-methyl octane (TCI Chemicals), 3,5-dimethylheptane (ChemSampCo), 3,6-dimethyloctane (ChemSampCo), 2-methyl nonane (Sigma−Aldrich), undecane (Sigma−Aldrich), 3-methylundecane (TCI), dodecane (Sigma− Aldrich, 99+% pure), tridecane (Sigma−Aldrich), 2-methyl tridecane (MP Chemicals), tetradecane (MP Chemicals), pentadecane (Sigma− Aldrich), 2-methyl pentadecane (MP Chemicals), hexadecane (Sigma− Aldrich, >99% pure), 2-methyl hexadecane (MP Chemicals), 2,2,4,6,6-pentamethylheptane (TCI), and 2,2,4,4,6,8,8-heptamethylnonane (Aldrich, 98% purity).…”
Section: ■ Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The properties selected for surrogate formulations have been density, viscosity, speed of sound, derived cetane number, research octane number, lower heating value, thermal conductivity, flash point, total sooting index, information from the distillation curve or advanced distillation curve, and hydrogen-to-carbon ratio. For example, Huber et al used the distillation curve, density, speed of sound, thermal conductivity, viscosity, and cetane number with different weighting factors to create Jet A surrogates containing seven and eight components. The combustion performance of surrogate mixtures has been tested in diesel and gas engines, rapid compression machines, burners, shock tubes, variable flow reactors, and flame test rigs. ,,, Chemical kinetic models have been developed for some surrogates. While many surrogates have been formulated and tested for Jet A and JP-8, ,,,,,,,,,, very little work has been done to develop surrogates for the military jet fuel, JP-5 . The main difference between these fuels and JP-5 is that JP-5 has a higher flash point (333 versus 309 K) and lower maximum viscosity (7 versus 8 mm 2 ·s –1 at 353 K), and its range of densities at 288 K (788–845 kg·m –3 ) is slightly higher than Jet A (775–840 kg·m –3 ). , Since high flash points were not required, the Jet A and JP-8 surrogates are able to contain low flash point compounds such as toluene, xylene, and trimethylbenzene.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%