DOI: 10.1029/2004jd005515
View full text

Abstract: [1] An atmospheric year-round study of C2-C5 dicarboxylic acids (oxalic, malonic, succinic, malic, and glutaric) and sulfate was conducted in 2002 and 2003 at three remote western Europe continental sites located at different elevations (from 630 to 4360 m asl). Whatever the site and the season, oxalic acid is always the dominant diacid (average 64% of total dicarboxylic acids) followed by malonic acid (15% of total dicarboxylic acids). High correlation coefficients are observed between C3 (malonic), C4 (mali…

expand abstract