DOI: 10.1186/1753-6561-5-s7-p38
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Abstract: Traits related to local adaptation by definition show high phenotypic differentiation. The underlying genetic patterns could be clines at individual loci or small effects and extensive linkage disequilibrium at the underlying loci. In any case, including many populations in an analysis provides more information, but may simultaneously induce problems due to genetic structure. Even if the neutral loci have little genetic structure, loci related to other clinally selected traits could show more structure. Here w…

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