2002
DOI: 10.2307/4146926
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Assessing the Third Transition in Latin American Democratization: Representational Regimes and Civil Society in Argentina and Brazil

Abstract: In the last two decades most Latin American countries have made the political transition to formal liberal democracy. With a few notable exceptions, the threat of authoritarian reversals has diminished. But although democratic stability does not seem to be imminently imperiled, the quality of the democracies in the region often seems quite low. Instead of consolidated democracies, observers have found "hybrid" or "delegative" regimes, run on the principles of"neopopulism" and "neopluralism."I In order to ensur… Show more

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Cited by 107 publications
(30 citation statements)
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“…While there has been a huge democratic surge in Latin America since them, contemporary analysts continue to conclude that Latin American governments, as a whole, have yet to prove that they are willing to accept actors from civil society as partners at home and abroad (Friedman et al 2001), and that authoritarian tendencies persist beneath democratic appearances (Hurrell 2005), as reflected, for instance, in state actors' continued heavy control, also over civil society's access to government (Friedman and Hochstetler 2002).…”
Section: General Features Of Environmental Decision-making In Brazilmentioning
confidence: 99%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…While there has been a huge democratic surge in Latin America since them, contemporary analysts continue to conclude that Latin American governments, as a whole, have yet to prove that they are willing to accept actors from civil society as partners at home and abroad (Friedman et al 2001), and that authoritarian tendencies persist beneath democratic appearances (Hurrell 2005), as reflected, for instance, in state actors' continued heavy control, also over civil society's access to government (Friedman and Hochstetler 2002).…”
Section: General Features Of Environmental Decision-making In Brazilmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…25 Following Wiarda (1990: 32), my use of the term "political culture" refers to "the basic values, ideas, beliefs, preferred institutional arrangements, and practices by which a society organizes its political life." 26 Checkel (1997) uses the term 'corporatism' to describe what Friedman and Hochstetler (2002) also capture with the term 'cooptive democracy.' The two terms are near equivalents and refer to systems marked by a hierarchical state-society relationship in which decision makers enjoy greater power to dictate national policy as they wish, compared to liberal systems, in which decision makers' power is more restrained by democratic controls and 'bottom-up' pressures.…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…24 Not only are there numerous criticisms of the inability of parties to eliminate the representation deficit of contemporary democracies (Chalmers et al 1997;Friedman and Hochstetler 2002;Roberts 2002 The service argument is one of the three most common, following the mediation and proximity arguments. It is made by almost a quarter of the actors.…”
Section: Assumed Representation In Participatory Governancementioning
confidence: 99%
“…In this case the strong normative commitment to direct participation hides an important empirical reality -that a large share of participants in participatory institutions are leaders of civil organisations who represent particular groups, values, or identities. 10 8 Exceptions include Friedman and Hochstetler (2002), and Chalmers et al (1997).…”
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confidence: 99%
“…Suas estraté-gias de mobilização também variam, desde lobby com tomadores de decisão a apoio ao desenvolvimento comunitário à mobilização de milhares de pessoas para manifestações públicas. O grande leque de ações e aparências de OSCs sugere que é preciso revisitar e revisar conceitos de representação democrática na região Hochstetler, 2002;Gurza Lavalle;Houtzager;Castello, 2006).…”
Section: Organizações Da Sociedade Civil E Partidos Políticos Como Meunclassified