2011
DOI: 10.1590/s1519-69842011000200004 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: This is a short review of the state of the art concerning diversity of aquatic macrophytes and the main aquatic vegetation types in the Brazilian Pantanal wetland and upper watershed. There are ca. 280 species of aquatic macrophytes on the Pantanal floodplain, with scarce endemism. On the upper watershed, Cerrado wetlands (veredas) and limestone springs have a distinct flora from the Pantanal, with twice the species richness. As a representative case of aquatic habitats influenced by river flood, some primary … Show more

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“…ex T. Durand & Schinz) Morrone & Zuloaga, popularly known as African signal grass or tanner grass (USDA, 2013). This is a highly invasive grass native to Africa (USDA, 2013) and is currently found in several natural and artificial aquatic ecosystems in South America (Reinert et al, 2007;Pott et al, 2011). Due to its resemblance to another invasive grass, it has been also identified as Urochloa subquadripara (Trin.)…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
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“…ex T. Durand & Schinz) Morrone & Zuloaga, popularly known as African signal grass or tanner grass (USDA, 2013). This is a highly invasive grass native to Africa (USDA, 2013) and is currently found in several natural and artificial aquatic ecosystems in South America (Reinert et al, 2007;Pott et al, 2011). Due to its resemblance to another invasive grass, it has been also identified as Urochloa subquadripara (Trin.)…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
“…The high incidence of grass species in floodplains is probably related to the tolerance to seasonal variations imposed by dry and flood periods, and even being able to present an epiphytic habit, allowing the establishment of other aquatic species (Pivari et al, 2008;Kozera et al, 2009;Rocha and Lins, 2009). Corroborating some surveys of aquatic plants in the Upper Paraguay River Basin, the families Asteraceae, Convolvulaceae, Onagraceae, Polygonaceae and Fabaceae were the most species-rich (Pivari et al, 2008;Kufner, 2009;Rodrigues, 2010;Pott et al, 2011).…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…The Urochloa arrecta species, belonging to the Poaceae family, formerly described as Urochloa subquadripara (Thomaz et al, 2009a;Michelan et al, 2010;Alves and Barbosa, 2013), is from Africa, and it is perennial, infesting and common in several humid ecosystems (Pott et al, 2011;Wipff and Thompson, 2014). The species presents high efficiency in the use of resources, fast growth and resistance to temporary floods (Kissmann, 1997;Thomaz et al, 2009a, b).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning