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citations
Cited by 214 publications
(115 citation statements)
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References 6 publications
(115 reference statements)
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“…The psoas, multifidus, and quadratus lumborum muscle groups are hypothesized to act as stabilizers of the lumbar spine (Nachemson 1966(Nachemson , 1968Bogduk 1986, 1987;McGill et al 1996aMcGill et al ,b, 1999Lonnemann et al 2008;Rosatelli et al 2008;Ward et al 2009a,c), while the erector spinae and the abdominal muscles (specifically, the rectus abdominis) are the primary locomotors of the spine. In the following sections, we provide a brief description of the eight different muscle groups included in the model and present the actual muscle architecture details in Table 1.…”
Section: Muscle Anatomymentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The psoas, multifidus, and quadratus lumborum muscle groups are hypothesized to act as stabilizers of the lumbar spine (Nachemson 1966(Nachemson , 1968Bogduk 1986, 1987;McGill et al 1996aMcGill et al ,b, 1999Lonnemann et al 2008;Rosatelli et al 2008;Ward et al 2009a,c), while the erector spinae and the abdominal muscles (specifically, the rectus abdominis) are the primary locomotors of the spine. In the following sections, we provide a brief description of the eight different muscle groups included in the model and present the actual muscle architecture details in Table 1.…”
Section: Muscle Anatomymentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The anatomists have accorded the role of coastal and vertebral attachments in the process of respiration and moving of lumbar spine respectively. QL probably helps to extend lumbar spine, causes lateral flexion and 12,13 is also an important stabilizer of lumbar spine 14,15,16,17 . A sustained contraction of QL is required during sitting, walking, lying, and other functional activities in order to stabilize the trunk and maintain body mechanics.…”
Section: Imentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Therefore future work should focus on the involvement of deeper muscles deemed important in LBP, such as quadratus lumborum, transversus abdominis, deep lumbar multifidus and psoas (Ingber, 1989;De Franca and Levine, 1991;Hodges and Richardson, 1996;McGill et al, 1996;Andersson et al, 2002;Barker et al, 2004).…”
Section: Limitations Of Present Researchmentioning
confidence: 99%