Abstract:With growing freshwater scarcity in many areas of the world, purifying alternative sources of water such as seawater, brackish water, and wastewater has become increasingly important. One of the main ways this is done is using reverse osmosis (RO) membranes composed of aromatic polyamide films synthesized using interfacial polymerization. These membranes have become the industry standard due to their excellent salt rejection. However, issues with fouling, degradation, and delamination plague current technology… Show more
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