1994
DOI: 10.2208/jscej.1994.495_31 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: Using the three-dimensional finite element method, we have simulated the vibration tests on underground structure-soil composite models. Through these simulations, by modelling the soil and the linkage element of the contacting surface between soil and structure as an elasto-plastic material, it was found that it is possible to simulate the following two phenomena ; the horizontal vibration excites the vertical vibration due to the dilatancy of soil, and the dynamic earth pressures resulting from the horizonta… Show more

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“…Regarding the case, Schmidt and Hashash report that some California tunnels in the Loma prieta earthquake (1989) became susceptible to buoyancy (Schmidt and Hashash, 1998). Some researchers (Chou et al, 2001;Hashash et al, 2001Hashash et al, , 1998Ohshima and Watanabe, 1994;Stamos and Beskos, 1995;John and Zahra, 1987) such as Chou's have focused on this matter (Chou et al, 2001). He assessed the soil liquefaction effect on shield tunnel in his studies.…”
Section: -Studies Backgroundmentioning
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“…Regarding the case, Schmidt and Hashash report that some California tunnels in the Loma prieta earthquake (1989) became susceptible to buoyancy (Schmidt and Hashash, 1998). Some researchers (Chou et al, 2001;Hashash et al, 2001Hashash et al, , 1998Ohshima and Watanabe, 1994;Stamos and Beskos, 1995;John and Zahra, 1987) such as Chou's have focused on this matter (Chou et al, 2001). He assessed the soil liquefaction effect on shield tunnel in his studies.…”
Section: -Studies Backgroundmentioning
“…[14][15][16][17][18]). However, the liquefaction-related seismic performance of large underground structures has scarcely been addressed.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
“…Concerning the transverse damage due to lateral soil deformation under seismic loading, studies so far have mainly focused on underground structures in non-liquefiable soils [e.g. [24][25][26][27][28]. Most of these studies were initiated following the extensive damage of the subway system in the 1995 Kobe earthquake [29].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning