2020
DOI: 10.1111/psyp.13540
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Altered psychophysiological correlates of risk‐taking in borderline personality disorder

Abstract: Elevated levels of risk‐taking behavior as well as affective instability are both cardinal features of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). To our knowledge, there are no studies which directly investigate underlying affective processes of risk‐taking behavior in BPD, despite the centrality of affect in BPD symptomatology, and indications of affective dysregulation contributing to increased risk‐taking behavior in BPD. Here, we examined risk‐taking behavior in BPD and its underlying affective processes, usin… Show more

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Cited by 7 publications
(4 citation statements)
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“…There was, however, no group difference and both ADHD and HC showed greater risky behavior under high reward conditions. Similar results were also shown in studies on ADHD and on Borderline Personality Disorder, arguing that the range between reward conditions was too narrow ( Luman et al, 2008 ; Hüpen et al, 2020 ).…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 82%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…There was, however, no group difference and both ADHD and HC showed greater risky behavior under high reward conditions. Similar results were also shown in studies on ADHD and on Borderline Personality Disorder, arguing that the range between reward conditions was too narrow ( Luman et al, 2008 ; Hüpen et al, 2020 ).…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 82%
“…The BART has been demonstrated to induce naturalistic risky DM (Lejuez et al, 2002). Moreover, the modified version was designed to trigger emotional arousal and intuitive guided behavior, and to investigate DM depending on the reward magnitude (Hüpen et al, 2019(Hüpen et al, , 2020. Additionally, questionnaires were used to investigate self-assessment of risky behavior and emotional competence.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Pathological processes in BPD (namely, impulsivity and emotional dysregulation) could affect strategic choice behavior in several ways. Impaired affective and RL processes could contribute to strategic choice behavior through outcome evaluation processes including; (1) Blunted reward prediction error (RPE) and/or affective signaling ( Hüpen et al, 2020 ; Neville et al, 2021 ) that could lead to insensitivity to changing reward contingencies and/or a deficit updating the value of actions on a trial-by-trial basis, which in this context, may actually result in fewer choice biases (and therefore, potentially enhanced performance as one may better evade exploitation by the opponent); and/or (2) Exacerbated RPE and/or affective signals could lead to amplified biases (and therefore, potentially diminished performance as the opponent would exploit these biases as they emerge), either of which may be more prominent for either positive (WS) and/or negative (LS) outcomes ( Schuermann et al, 2011 ; Paret et al, 2016 ; Neville et al, 2021 ). We hypothesized that group differences would be more pronounced in individuals with higher levels of impulsivity in either group, measured using the BIS ( Patton et al, 1995 ), and emotion dysregulation in the BPD group, measured using the DERS ( Gratz and Roemer, 2004 ).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Impaired affective and RL processes could contribute to strategic choice behavior through outcome evaluation processes in the following ways; 1. Blunted reward prediction error (RPE) and/or affective signaling (Hüpen et al, 2020;Neville et al, 2021) that could lead to insensitivity to changing reward contingencies and/or a deficit updating the value of actions on a trial-bytrial basis, which in this context, may actually result in fewer choice biases (and therefore, potentially enhanced performance as one may better evade exploitation by the opponent); and/or 2. Exacerbated RPE and/or affective signals could lead to amplified biases (and therefore, potentially diminished performance as the opponent would exploit these biases as they emerge), either of which may be more prominent for either positive (WS) and/or negative (LS) outcomes (Neville et al, 2021;Paret et al, 2016;Schuermann et al, 2011).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%