2017
DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.23146
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Allostatic load and biological anthropology

Abstract: Multiple stressors affect developing and adult organisms, thereby partly structuring their phenotypes. Determining how stressors influence health, well-being, and longevity in human and nonhuman primate populations are major foci within biological anthropology. Although much effort has been devoted to examining responses to multiple environmental and sociocultural stressors, no holistic metric to measure stress-related physiological dysfunction has been widely applied within biological anthropology. Researcher… Show more

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Cited by 83 publications
(83 citation statements)
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“…Additionally, other measures or indicators of physiological chronic stress are likely correlated with NLR. For example, allostatic load, a measure of stress-induced physiological damage over the lifetime, is higher in wild-caught gorillas compared to their mother- and nursery-reared counterparts [49, 50]. Given the lower NLR values of wild-caught chimpanzees in the current study (although, again, this may be confounded with age), it is possible that chimpanzees with lower allostatic load also have lower NLR.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 97%
“…Additionally, other measures or indicators of physiological chronic stress are likely correlated with NLR. For example, allostatic load, a measure of stress-induced physiological damage over the lifetime, is higher in wild-caught gorillas compared to their mother- and nursery-reared counterparts [49, 50]. Given the lower NLR values of wild-caught chimpanzees in the current study (although, again, this may be confounded with age), it is possible that chimpanzees with lower allostatic load also have lower NLR.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 97%
“…Thus, following the principles of allostatic load, the variability of arterial blood pressure that would contribute to morbidity and mortality is an inevitable property of the cardiovascular system (James 2017). Accumulating epidemiological data support the idea that allostatic load contributes to cardiovascular morbidity in later life (see Edes and Crews 2017).…”
Section: Allostasis Arterial Blood Pressure and Cvd Developmentmentioning
confidence: 97%
“…Over the past several decades, epidemiological and biocultural anthropological studies have linked numerous indicators of reported behavior, community characteristics, cultural background, and culture change with cardiovascular outcomes (e.g., Dressler ; Dressler and Bindon ; Edes and Crews ; James and Baker ; Lamb et al. ; Player et al.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…Salivary cortisol is safe, non-invasive, objective, and reliable, and is the most frequently investigated stress biomarker Shirtcliff et al, 2015). Cortisol has been important in establishing stress as a basis for many physiologic processes and health outcomes, including neural development and cell death (Uno et al, 1994), immune dysfunction (Segerstrom & Miller, 2004), learning and memory impairment (Heffelfinger & Newcomer, 2001), sleep disruption, (Abell, Shipley, Ferrie, Kivimäki, & Kumari, 2016), changes to metabolism and fat distribution (van Rossum, 2017), impediments to growth, development, (Edes, & Crews, 2017), and reproduction (Dunkel Schetter & Tanner, 2012), and accelerated aging (Epel et al, 2006). Cortisol is independent of report bias and is medically quantifiable.…”
Section: Measuring Stress Using Salivary Cortisolmentioning
confidence: 99%