volume 40, issue 5, P439-442 2012
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcms.2011.07.018
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Wolfgang Funk, Fred Podmelle, Claudia Guiol, Hans Robert Metelmann

Abstract: To objectively and reproducibly assess the outcome of aesthetic procedures remains one of the major, unmet challenges in maxillo-facial and plastic surgery. Frequently employed scoring systems for the evaluation of aesthetic procedures are confounded by observer bias, be it that of the patient or of the surgeon. A new approach of pragmatic and simple scoring is the ANA [Aesthetic Numeric Analogue] scale, which facilitates the objective, reproducible, standardized and internationally uniform evaluation of aesth…

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