volume 24, issue 1, P139-146 2010
DOI: 10.1016/j.idc.2009.10.009
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David Schlossberg

Abstract: Both primary and reactivation tuberculosis may present as an acute process and mimic community-acquired pneumonia. Tuberculosis should always be included in the initial differential diagnosis, and suspicion should be heightened by a variety of clinical and epidemiologic clues, as well as by multiple underlying conditions. This article reviews the pathophysiology, risk factors, and clinical manifestations of acute presentations of tuberculosis.