2014
DOI: 10.1590/0074-0276140416
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Abstract: Several parasitological studies carried out in El Salvador between 2000-2012 showed a higher frequency of acute cases of Chagas disease than that in other Central American countries. There is an urgent need for improved Chagas disease surveillance and vector control programs in the provinces where acute Chagas disease occurs and throughout El Salvador as a whole.

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Cited by 10 publications
(13 citation statements)
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References 6 publications
(13 reference statements)
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“…The WHO estimates a prevalence of CD of 1.3% in El Salvador,[2] but other evidence suggests active transmission is still disproportionately affecting some areas of the country. [20] Further, while the prevalence among Mexican patients was comparatively low in our study (2.5%), it still greatly exceeds the national prevalence estimate of 0.78. [2]…”
Section: Discussioncontrasting
confidence: 71%
“…According to WHO estimates, El Salvador is the fifth most affected Latin American country, with a prevalence of 1.3% [4]. However, two recent studies of pregnant women and blood donors living in the departments of Sonsonate and Ahuachap an found prevalence rates of 3.8% and 2.5%, respectively [18,19], and it has been reported that the prevalence of CD among Salvadoran immigrants living in Los Angeles is 3.4% [20]. There is little information about the prevalence of CD among Salvadorans living in Europe: the above mentioned metaanalysis [5] that included 67 Salvadoran migrants found a pooled prevalence of 3.7%: three times that estimated in El Salvador by the WHO [4].…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Although there was no significant difference of human blood meals at the three locations, further study is needed to determine if the seroprevalence of T. cruzi in people is correlated to human blood meals and T. cruzi detection in vectors. This is especially a concern for Texistepeque were recently a high incidence of acute cases has been reported for Santa Ana, El Salvador [32,46].…”
Section: Blood Meal Source Profilesmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…insecticide spraying) is not available for these cantons. From the 16 acute cases reported for El Salvador for 2012, seven (43.7%) came from the department of Santa Ana which includes Texistepeque [32].…”
Section: Study Locationsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Infected insect vectors, "kissing" bugs, transmit the protozoa to humans through their feces, contaminating the mucous membranes of people typically residing in poor rural housing. 4,5 Other forms of transmission have been described. Clinicians need to maintain suspicion for patients with a history of travel to endemic countries, Latin American immigrants, patients with a history of blood transfusions, and patients with a family history, as vertical transmission is possible.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%