2010
DOI: 10.1590/s0101-81082010005000004 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: ResumoObjetivos: Descrever o perfi l sociodemográfi co de usuários de maconha que iniciam tratamento e comparar os sexos dos indivíduos em relação aos estágios de prontidão para mudança e uso associado de outras drogas. Método: Estudo transversal descritivo, com amostra não probabilística de indivíduos que ligaram para um teleatendimento especializado em dependência química. Resultados: A amostra se constituiu de 72% de indivíduos do sexo masculino na faixa etária de 12 a 25 anos. Um percentual de 85,5% fazia … Show more

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“…While non-medical cannabis use is currently not legally permitted in Brazil58 – and we do not seek to take explicit positions here on specific policy reform options for consideration – it nevertheless is a common activity, particularly among young adults. Different evidence-based options along the continuum of interventions are required to most effectively reduce the burden of cannabis-related health harms in the Brazilian population.…”
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“…Furthermore, there are distinct features of cannabis-related behaviors relevant for adaptive consideration. For example, most cannabis use in Brazil occurs through smoking of combusted cannabis products, most of which involves products of unknown or low quality 58,59. “Safer” alternatives for use methods considered by the LRCUG, like non-smoked products, are typically not available, and vaporizers or e-cigarette devices themselves are even illegal in Brazil, and therefore face additional barriers for utilization in practice 60,61.…”
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“…Mulheres geralmente começam a autoadministração de drogas lícitas e/ou ilícitas em doses menores do que os homens. Contudo, a frequência de uso nas mulheres aumenta mais rapidamente podendo levar a dependência química, e tendo mais risco de recaídas (Fernandes et al, 2010;Hochgraf & Brasiliano, 2010). O crack tem potencial para gerar diversos danos ao sujeito, dentre eles, sintomas de ansiedade e depressão, decorrentes da comorbidade ou do consumo da substância.…”
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“…However, some methodological studies of cross-cultural adaptation and translation do not report the sociodemographic of their targeted population and focus solely on the gender [44] and other aspects of the study [45]. These studies demonstrate that the emphasis on methodological studies is the same as that of the method used in cross-cultural adaptations [4648], which, in the present study, was the guideline by Beaton et al (2007) [30].…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…The former presented an intervention for alcohol and marijuana and had a higher non-adherence rate. 31 This may be related to use of two substances and to the follow-up time, as well as to the characteristics of the profile of those who use marijuana 19 who often have difficulty viewing their marijuana consumption as problematic. 40 The treatment in the study by Zanjani et al 49 was conducted solely with smokers, with a six-month follow-up to facilitate adherence.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning