Abstract:The expansion of modern human populations in Africa 80,000 to 60,000-years ago and their initial exodus out ofAfrica have been tentatively linked to two phases oftechnological and behavioral innovation within the Middle Stone Age of southern Africa-the Still Bay and Howieson's Poort industries-that are associated with early evidence for symbols and personal ornaments. Establishing the correct sequence of events, however, has been hampered by inadequate chronologies. We report ages for nine sites from varied cl… Show more
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