volume 29, issue 4, P451-460 1996
DOI: 10.1016/0021-9290(95)00073-9
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Jarmo Niemi, Hannu Nieminen, Esa-Pekka Takala, Eira Viikari-Juntura

Abstract: A static shoulder model including a novel muscular synergy principle for computing load sharing between the shoulder muscles is presented. This principle is feasible especially when analysing endurance-type activities. According to the principle, time elapsed from the start of the activity decreases the allowable muscle stress levels on the basis of the stress-endurance time curves of individual muscles. At low load levels the sum of the squared forces is minimized. At higher load levels the increase in the st…

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