2021 Preprint**Abstract:** We reduplicate the Book “Dark Energy” by M. Li, X-D. Li, and Y. Wang, given zero-point energy calculation with an unexpected “length’ added to the ‘width’ of a graviton wave just prior to specifying the creation of ‘gravitons’, while using Karen Freeze’s criteria as to the breakup of primordial black holes to give radiation era contributions to GW generation. The GW generation will be when there is sufficient early univer…

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“…This rough value of DE, as given in Equation ( 27) will be directly compared to what we can expect as far as applying in Equation ( 21) as to comment directly on the t ∆ time interval for the active generation of DE in the early cosmos. Keep in mind that J. W. Moffat in [17] postulated in the initial phases of cosmology a situation for which we have no conservation of energy, and in fact this is exactly the situation we could be portraying here, that is if [2] and the description of the Rosen cosmology as in [16] are not wrong.…”

confidence: 81%

“…This rough value of DE, as given in Equation ( 27) will be directly compared to what we can expect as far as applying in Equation ( 21) as to comment directly on the t ∆ time interval for the active generation of DE in the early cosmos. Keep in mind that J. W. Moffat in [17] postulated in the initial phases of cosmology a situation for which we have no conservation of energy, and in fact this is exactly the situation we could be portraying here, that is if [2] and the description of the Rosen cosmology as in [16] are not wrong.…”

confidence: 81%

“…1.574 10 K kelvin Whereas we start the derivation of Equation ( 22) in reference [2], and the extreme value of the temperature T for breaking up black holes, again by [2] leads Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology to how black holes may contribute to the grown of DE if we have graviton production, so we consider when a body of mass m and radius R break apart. As given in [2] by an argument given by Freeze, we have then that if R(radius) is between 1 meter to say 1000 Kilometers this mass m breaks up for m as given by ( )…”

confidence: 99%