Rev. Middle East Stud. volume 53, issue 01, P117-122 2019 DOI: 10.1017/rms.2019.5 View full text
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Mieczysław P. Boduszyński

Abstract: Nearly nine years after a Tunisian street vendor named Mohamed Bouazizi set himself ablaze in provincial Tunisia, a sense that the aspirations of the Arab Spring were always doomed to fail has set in among pundits and policymakers. The United States, and to a large extent the European Union, have all but given up on any pretense of democracy promotion in the region and have instead turned again to well-trodden policy repertoires emphasizing a realpolitik approach.