volume 34, issue 4, P252-259 1994
DOI: 10.1002/pen.760340404
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Abstract: Abstract A novel approach to a truly dynamic thermodynamics is proposed in which equilibrium is defined in terms of explicit time, distance, and acceptable error scales. This approach involves reformulating the second law of thermodynamics in terms of an excess energy that vanishes at equilibrium instead of an entropy that assumes some unknown maximum value. Excess energy is defined mathematically as the total Legendre transform of energy with respect to an independent set of extensive variables. Excess energ…

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