Abstract:In this paper, we firstly introduce kinematics properties of a moving particle lying in Minkowski space E₂⁴. We assume that particles corresponds to different type of space curves such that they are characterized by Frenet frame equations. Guided by these, we present geometrical understanding of an energy and pseudo angle on the particle in each Frenet vector fields depending on the particle corresponds to a spacelike, timelike or lightlike curve in E₂⁴. Then we also determine the bending elastic energy functi… Show more
scite is a Brooklyn-based organization that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.