An important recent development in the field of biotechnology has been the use of high electric fields to render cell membranes temporarily permeable (electroporation). Cells in this state are receptive to gene transfer or can be induced to fuse with each other (electrofusion) to form hybrid cells containing the combined characteristics of the parent cells. A major reason for fusing cells is to form hybridoma cells which secrete monoclonal antibodies. A problem for research workers has been the high …
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