2008
DOI: 10.1590/s0044-59672008000100010
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A insustentável leveza do estado: devastação, genocídio, doenças e miséria nas fronteiras contemporâneas da Amazônia, no Maranhão

Abstract: A insustentável leveza do estado: devastação, genocídio, doenças e miséria nas fronteiras contemporâneas da Amazônia, no MaranhãoIstván van Deursen VARGA 1 RESUMOForam discutidas as trajetórias das frentes de expansão e seus impactos ambientais, sociais e étnicos na região denominada Amazônia maranhense. As informações utilizadas resultam de pesquisa bibliográfico-documental e de campo, em que foram colhidos depoimentos de trabalhadores rurais e índios, habitantes da região. Foi demonstrado que, mesmo entre as… Show more

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Cited by 6 publications
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“…Additionally, 25% MTC infection among just-arrived African slaves revealed TB resulting from European contact in Africa and/or caused by native African strains [17]. The Tenetehara-Guajajara had contact with French, Portuguese, and other ethnic groups during the Brazilian Colonial Period [22,23] as well as with African-born individuals in Maranhão State, the capital of which, São Luís, was an important slave port [24,43]. Historical descriptions reported TB epidemics in Europe during the 16th and 18th centuries [74], coincident with the period of first contact and strong penetration of explorers into Tenetehara-Guajajara territory in the Pindaré-Gurupi River basin region.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…Additionally, 25% MTC infection among just-arrived African slaves revealed TB resulting from European contact in Africa and/or caused by native African strains [17]. The Tenetehara-Guajajara had contact with French, Portuguese, and other ethnic groups during the Brazilian Colonial Period [22,23] as well as with African-born individuals in Maranhão State, the capital of which, São Luís, was an important slave port [24,43]. Historical descriptions reported TB epidemics in Europe during the 16th and 18th centuries [74], coincident with the period of first contact and strong penetration of explorers into Tenetehara-Guajajara territory in the Pindaré-Gurupi River basin region.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Its main cultural ceremonies were honey and corn festivals, which accompanied the harvest season [21]. They were first encountered by French explorers in 1612, and, in 1616, Portuguese expeditions for gold began a period of war and slavery [22]. In 1653, catechizing of the Tenetehara by the Jesuits initiated the period of coexistence with Europeans [23].…”
Section: Methodsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…In the state of Maranhão, in the Northeast of the country, it was noticeable during the professionalization of violence of the 1990s, with an organized market of gun shooters. Large properties landowners contributed to tables of escalating price bands for homicides, respectively, of small farmers, trade unionists, priests, farmers and politicians 25 .…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…As a result of this analysis, we classify every date of each year on one of four different seasonal periods: RS, EDS, MDS, or LDS. These indigenous territories have been demarked and regularized since the early 1980s [30,31], and are formed majorly by sandy soils covered with Cerrado vegetation and gallery forests following the streams [32,33]. The Corda River crosses the Porquinhos IL, which shelters more significant forest resources than Kanela IL.…”
Section: Study Areamentioning
confidence: 99%