Abstract:Spinal deformities are described according to the three planes of the body (Fig. 2.1). In the coronal (frontal) plane the spine should be straight, and any lateral curvature is referred to as scoliosis. In the sagittal (lateral) plane, once a child has achieved head control and started walking, there are four natural spinal curvatures, two convex anteriorly (lordoses), in the cervical and lumbar regions, respectively, and two curvatures convex posteriorly (kyphoses), in the thoracic and sacral regions, respect… Show more
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