volume 13, issue 3, P423-435 1979
DOI: 10.1002/jbm.820130307
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Abstract: 13C NMR spectroscopy has been applied to the analysis of carboxylic poly-acid cement liquids. Monomer incorporation, composition ratio, sequence statistics, and stereochemical configuration have been considered theoretically, and determined experimentally, from the spectra. Conventionally polymerized poly(acrylic acid) has an approximately random configuration, but other varieties may be synthesized. Two commercial glass-ionomer cement liquids both contain tartaric acid as a chelating additive but the composit…

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