volume 21, issue 4, P1153-1159 2005
DOI: 10.1590/s0102-311x2005000400017
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Abstract: Prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission is an emerging public health challenge. In Brazil, preventive prophylaxis with AZT during pregnancy, at delivery, and for newborns was introduced in 1996, with a marked reduction in transmission (less than 5.0% nationwide). Since 1999 the Municipal STD/AIDS Program in Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro State (population = 416,441) has acted in the prevention of vertical transmission. In 2001/2003, there was a moderately increased implementation (from 28.0% to 3…

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