Context. Heat Shock Protein 60 (HSP60) is a chaperone protein which is involved in proteins transfer and re-folding of proteins. Objective. Importance of HSP60 in sperm capacitation and facility of sperm-oocyte membrane binding was confirmed, therefore in this study the effect of HSP60 on the rate of in vitro fertilization and the cleavage rate in mouse embryo was investigated. Design. Ten male mice and twenty five female mice were involved to collect sperms and oocytes required for this study. Subjects and Methods. Sperms were collected from the epididymis of male mouse and oocytes were collected from the oviduct of female mouse following ovarian hyperstimulation. Then, capacitated sperms and oocytes were placed together in fertilization medium in four groups in the presence of different concentrations of HSP60 (10, 50 and 100 ng/mL) and in the absence of HSP60. After calculation of the fertilization rate, zygotes were transformed into the other medium for development and the cleavage rate was monitored to blastocyst stage. Results. There was not a significant difference in the rate of fertilization between 10 ng/mL HSP60 group and the control group. The rate of fertilization and two-cell embryo development decreased significantly (P≤0.05) in 100 ng/mL HSP60 compared to other experimental and control groups. Further, the rate of two-cell embryo development increased significantly (P≤0.05) in 10 ng/mL HSP60 compared to other experimental and control groups. Conclusions. The present study demonstrated that HSP60 in low dose had a positive effect on two-cell embryo development, however it did not have any significant effect on the fertilization rate. Conversely, HSP60 had adverse effects on the fertilization and cleavage rates at higher doses.
In early cell-therapy studies (in the treatment of cancer), Aboody et al. (2) showed significant migration of neural stem cells (NSCs) towards the tumor area. In line with this, types of stem cells, and especially mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), that have been evaluated in several tumor models including breast, prostate, and ovarian cancer are used (11,15,23). However, the data are not adequate and some are contradictory to each other.Olfactory ensheathing cell (OEC) is a neural stem cell type of the glial family like astrocytes and Schwann cells (35). In the recent decade, several reports have provided evidence that █ INTRODuCTION G lioblastoma (GBM) is one of the primary malignant brain tumors that occur most frequently. Nearly, all patients with GBM die within 12-15 months of the initial diagnosis (3,7,25). Therapies are still limited due to the ability of the blood brain barrier (BBB) to prevent the crossing of a broad range of anti-cancer agents (10,19). Therefore, the cure of GBM is a major concern. Accordingly, there is a lot of interest in devising novel approaches, such as stem cell therapy, to treat patients with GBM (10,12).AIm: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the malignant brain tumors that occur most frequently. Despite advances in therapy techniques, the cure of GBM is a major concern. Accordingly, there is a lot of interest in devising novel approaches, such as stem cell therapy, to treat patients with GBM. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of human bone marrow stem (BMS) cells as well as human olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) on the outgrowth of U87 glioma in rats.
mATERIAl and mEThODS:OECs and BMS cells were obtained from volunteers. After verification of the stem cell type by flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry (ICC), cells were labeled and injected into human glioma-bearing rats. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E), and Immunohistochemistry (IHC) were utilized to assess the properties of the groups.
RESulTS:We found extensive migration and homing of the OECs and BMS cells towards the tumor area. H&E and IHC staining indicated that the grafted OECs survived and prevented the development of glioma. BMS cells supported proliferation and new vessel formation, and metastasis in glioma tissue.
CONCluSION:OECs and BMS cells can pass the blood brain barrier and reach the glioma mass. Therefore, this approach can be a potentially powerful method for the delivery of therapeutic agents to malignant brain tumors. In addition, these cells may be genetically modified in order to specifically express tumor-suppressive factors.
This model is a standard system for studying the tumor phenotype, genotype, and for evaluating the efficacy of anti-cancer agents. It is a reliable, simple, inexpensive, and easily reproducible model, which may be a way for pre-clinical studies.
Introduction: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an aggressive case of primary brain cancer which remains among the most fatal tumors worldwide. Although, some in vitro and in vivo models have been developed for a better understanding of GBM behavior; a natural model of GBM would improve the efficiency of experimental models to human GBM tumors. We aimed at the present study to examine the survival and durability of U87 cells in the brain of wild-type rats. Methods: U87 cells were intracranially implanted in twenty-one wild-type rats. Tumor size and morphology as well as infiltration of immune cells were investigated at three-time points by H&E and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Results: The results demonstrated that the inoculation of GBM cells led to the infiltration of host defense system cells which caused to immunological regression of the tumor mass after six weeks. While the tumors successfully developed without any sign of host defense invasion in the second week of GBM inoculation. Also, the decrease of tumor size and infiltration of immune system cells were observed at the fourth week. Conclusion: These data remarkably suggest that time plays a crucial role in activating the immune system against human GBM tumors in rats; and it shows that the regression of tumor mass depends on a time slope.
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