Quantum image processing (QIP) is a research branch of quantum information and quantum computing. It studies how to take advantage of quantum mechanics’ properties to represent images in a quantum computer and then, based on that image format, implement various image operations. Due to the quantum parallel computing derived from quantum state superposition and entanglement, QIP has natural advantages over classical image processing. But some related works misuse the notion of quantum superiority and mislead the research of QIP, which leads to a big controversy. In this paper, after describing this field’s research status, we list and analyze the doubts about QIP and argue “quantum image classification and recognition” would be the most significant opportunity to exhibit the real quantum superiority. We present the reasons for this judgment and dwell on the challenges for this opportunity in the era of NISQ (Noisy Intermediate-Scale Quantum).
Image super-resolution (SR) usually refers to reconstructing a high resolution (HR) image from a low resolution (LR) image without losing high frequency details or reducing the image quality. Recently, image SR based on convolutional neural network (SRCNN) was proposed and has received much attention due to its end-to-end mapping simplicity and superior performance. This method, however, only using three convolution layers to learn the mapping from LR to HR, usually converges slowly and leads to the size of output image reducing significantly. To address these issues, in this work, we propose a novel deep encoder-decoder symmetrical neural network (DEDSN) for single image SR. This deep network is fully composed of symmetrical multiple layers of convolution and deconvolution and there is no pooling (down-sampling and upsampling) operations in the whole network so that image details degradation occurred in traditional convolutional frameworks is prevented. Additionally, in view of the success of the iterative back projection (IBP) algorithm in image SR, we further combine DEDSN with IBP network realization in this work. The new DEDSN-IBP model introduces the down sampling version of the ground truth image and calculates the simulation error as the prior guidance. Experimental results on benchmark data sets demonstrate that the proposed DEDSN model can achieve better performance than SRCNN and the improved DEDSN-IBP outperforms the reported state-of-the-art methods.
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